Having a greenhouse is a dream come true for many people as it provides a controlled environment where plants can thrive year-round. A do-it-yourself (DIY) greenhouse project not only adds an attractive feature to your garden but also gives you the satisfaction of creating something with your own hands.
To start your DIY greenhouse journey, consider factors such as location, materials, size, budget, and the plants you want to grow. Keep reading as we explore some exciting DIY greenhouse project ideas that cater to gardeners of all skill levels and budgets.
Choosing the Right Materials
When constructing a DIY greenhouse, selecting the appropriate materials is essential for ensuring its durability and functionality. This includes considering the materials for the greenhouse structure, covering, and glazing.
For the greenhouse structure and framing, lumber is a popular choice due to its accessibility and ease of use. Using treated lumber or naturally rot-resistant wood such as cedar or redwood increases the longevity of the structure.
Alternatively, PVC pipe provides a lightweight and affordable option for creating a hoop house or a smaller greenhouse. Keep in mind that the necessary tools for assembling the structure will depend on the chosen materials.
Incorporating recycled materials, such as old windows, can reduce the overall cost and contribute to an eco-friendly project. When repurposing old windows for a greenhouse, ensure they are structurally sound and provide adequate insulation and light transmission.
The choice of greenhouse covering or glazing material will directly impact the amount of light, insulation, and durability. Polycarbonate panels offer a long-lasting and lightweight option that provides excellent light transmission and insulation compared to glass. These panels can be easily installed and maintained, making them popular for DIY greenhouses.
9 Types of DIY Greenhouses
There are several types of DIY greenhouses that cater to different needs, budgets, and gardening preferences. Each type has its own unique attributes and can be scaled to suit various spaces.
- Mini Greenhouse: Ideal for small gardens or urban spaces, mini greenhouses are compact and easy to assemble. They provide just enough space to protect seedlings and plants from weather extremes while also fitting into tight spots.
- Lean-To Greenhouse: This type of greenhouse is designed to capitalize on the warmth of an existing structure by attaching it to its side. Lean-to greenhouses are perfect for gardeners with limited space but want to maximize their resources.
- A-Frame Greenhouse: This traditional greenhouse design features a triangular frame, providing structural strength and stability. A-frame greenhouses are suitable for varied climates and offer ample space for growing plants.
- Geodome Greenhouse: Geodome greenhouses have multiple geometric panels forming a dome shape. This design maximizes natural light and can help maintain consistent temperatures, making it an efficient option for growing various plants.
- Hoop Houses: Also known as polytunnels, hoop houses are constructed using flexible hoops covered with plastic sheeting. They are an economical and straightforward option for extending the growing season and protecting plants from harsh weather.
- Barn-Style Greenhouse: Barn-style greenhouses resemble traditional barns and may be built using reclaimed materials. They provide a rustic and enduring aesthetic while offering ample space for a wide range of garden activities.
- Wood Greenhouse: As the name suggests, wood greenhouses are constructed primarily using timber. They offer a natural and aesthetically pleasing option for gardeners who prefer a classic look.
- Portable Greenhouse: Portable greenhouses can be easily moved to provide the best growing conditions for plants. These lightweight structures can be disassembled and reassembled as needed, making them a flexible choice for adaptive gardening.
- PVC Greenhouse: PVC greenhouses utilize polyvinyl chloride (PVC) pipes as their primary structural elements, making them an affordable and adaptable option. The design can be easily customized to fit specific needs and can be expanded if desired.
Greenhouse Design and Planning
When designing and planning a DIY greenhouse project, there are some key aspects to keep in mind:
Explore various DIY greenhouse plans available online to find a design that suits your needs and preferences. Some popular greenhouse plans include the ‘Barn’ greenhouse, cedar wood frame greenhouse, and designs utilizing old windows. These plans will provide essential information such as measurements, required materials, and construction steps.
Before selecting a plan, assess your landscaping and available space to determine your greenhouse’s ideal size and location. It’s crucial to choose a location with adequate sunlight, drainage, and accessibility. Don’t forget to consider any local building regulations or restrictions that may apply as well.
Consider incorporating a garden shed or potting bench for additional storage and workspace when designing your greenhouse. These structures can be built using the same or complementary materials to give your garden a cohesive look.
Foundation is another important aspect to consider while designing your DIY greenhouse. Several options, such as concrete slabs, wooden platforms, and gravel beds, are available. Select a foundation type based on your budget, climate, and specific greenhouse plans.
During the planning stage, be creative with your greenhouse ideas to make them a reflection of your gardening style and passion. For example, customize the interior with shelving, trellises, and hanging baskets to maximize growing space and improve organization.
Once you’ve thoroughly planned and designed your DIY greenhouse, gather the necessary materials and tools specified in your chosen plan.
Constructing Your Greenhouse
Constructing a DIY greenhouse allows you to create a customized space that suits your specific gardening needs. Greenhouses can vary in size, style, and materials, ensuring every gardener can build the perfect space for their plants.
DIY greenhouse kits are also available for those with limited carpentry skills or who may be short on time. These kits come with pre-cut materials, detailed step-by-step instructions, and all the required hardware. While these kits may cost more than building a greenhouse from scratch, they offer a quicker and simpler way to construct a durable, well-designed greenhouse.
As you plan your greenhouse’s construction, consider the type of plants you wish to grow and the climate in which you live. Incorporate features such as shelves, benches, and ventilation systems that will best support your plants’ needs. Additionally, think about insulation and heating options to maintain the optimal temperature for your plants throughout the year.
Additional Greenhouse Ideas
If you want to expand your gardening projects or simply want to try creating a custom greenhouse, here are some additional DIY greenhouse ideas to get you started.
One interesting idea is to repurpose old CD cases for a small window greenhouse. It’s a unique and eco-friendly way to start seedlings indoors or grow herbs without consuming too much space. These mini-greenhouses can be easily hung in your kitchen or by the window to catch sunlight.
Cold frame ideas can be an excellent alternative for those with limited space or looking for a more temporary solution. Cold frames provide protection from frost and cold and can be made in various sizes to suit your specific needs. You can create a simple cold frame by using an old wooden box or repurposing objects such as straw bales and old windows.
Pallet greenhouses offer an affordable and sustainable option for creating a functional structure in your backyard. You can construct walls and even shelves for your plants to grow using wooden pallets. This idea is versatile and allows you to customize the design depending on the size and shape of your available space.
If you have an old trampoline lying around, consider transforming it into a dome greenhouse. You can use the trampoline’s frame as the main structure and then add paneling to create the desired shape. This innovative idea uses materials that might have been discarded otherwise, resulting in an eye-catching greenhouse design.
Repurposing Materials for Greenhouses
One of the key aspects of creating a DIY greenhouse is repurposing materials to keep costs low and sustainability high. There are numerous materials that can be used to create unique greenhouse designs while maintaining functionality and elegance.
Vintage windows, for example, can be repurposed to construct the walls and roof of your DIY greenhouse. These windows not only provide an attractive look but also allow sunlight to enter the greenhouse and create a warm environment for your plants.
Free greenhouse plans can be found on various websites, which offer guides to creating a greenhouse using affordable recycled materials. There are designs available for greenhouses made from plastic bottles, repurposed furniture, or even shipping pallets. These plans assist in providing cost-efficient solutions for building a functional and environmentally friendly greenhouse.
Reusing materials like floating row covers adds another layer of protection to the plants inside the greenhouse. A floating row cover is a lightweight fabric draping over plants, protecting them from cold temperatures, frost, and pests. In a greenhouse, these can be used to cover more delicate plants or seedlings during colder months.
If you’re looking for compact greenhouse options, a mini DIY greenhouse can be made using repurposed materials such as plastic containers, glass jars, or even old picture frames. These smaller greenhouses are excellent for seedlings and small plants that require a controlled environment to thrive. They also add a charming touch to your overall greenhouse design and can be a great project for beginners.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are some cost-effective materials for a DIY greenhouse?
One cost-effective option for a DIY greenhouse is to repurpose old windows, which can be used to create the structure’s walls and roof. This approach not only saves money but also contributes to environmental sustainability through reusing materials.
Another affordable option for a DIY greenhouse is using PVC pipes for the frame combined with plastic sheeting to cover the structure, providing a stable and weather-resistant enclosure.
How to use plastic sheeting in building a greenhouse?
Plastic sheeting, such as polyethylene or polytunnel film, is an affordable and efficient option for the outer covering of a greenhouse. To use plastic sheeting in building a greenhouse:
- Choose the appropriate thickness and UV resistance for your area and requirements.
- Measure and cut the plastic sheeting to fit your greenhouse’s frame.
- Attach the plastic sheeting to the frame using a combination of clips or fastening methods, such as staple guns, screws with washers, or specialized greenhouse tape.
- Ensure that the plastic sheeting is pulled taut to prevent sagging or tearing.
- Regularly inspect the sheeting for damage and replace it when necessary to maintain the greenhouse’s effectiveness and optimal growing environment for your plants.
Wrapping up DIY Greenhouse Projects
From protecting fragile plants and extending the growing season to creating a personalized space for plant care, a DIY greenhouse can cater to the needs and preferences of your personal garden. With careful planning and execution, this project can become both a valuable addition to the garden and a rewarding project.
Looking for more greenhouse must-haves? Check out our comprehensive checklist of essential greenhouse supplies.